Labour Market Information (LMI)

Labour Market Information | The Appleton School

What is Labour Market Information (LMI)?

Labour Market Information (LMI) is a useful tool to help research future jobs in the local area, understand the skills needed for certain roles and the demand for future employment.

LMI helps to break down the complex ‘world of work’– ranging from descriptions of different careers, their entry routes, promotional prospects, salaries paid, skills and qualifications needed, etc. Crucially for young people, LMI also covers future demand – what kinds of jobs will be in demand after leaving school and what kinds of skills will be needed.

Local Employment

London’s economy is growing more than four times as fast than in the country’s poorest regions.  Jobs in London are expected to continue to increase for the foreseeable future, with a significant increase in jobs requiring degrees or vocational qualifications and apprenticeships at level 4 or above. In the last two decades growth has been concentrated in Business Services, in other services (Health, Education) and in Retail and Accommodation and Food.  Employers based in Hackney have almost doubled since 2010. 

The three employment sectors with the largest number of businesses are: 

  • Professional, Scientific and Technical e.g. solicitors, accountancy, architectural activities, advertising, etc.
  • Information and Communication e.g. publishing, radio, TV, sound and music production, etc.
  • Arts, Entertainment and Recreation e.g. museums, sports facilities and performing arts, etc.

As well as jobs across London, pupils in Hackney schools will have an increasing number of very local career opportunities available to them as regeneration projects take shape.  The number and types of jobs based in Hackney and the surrounding areas is predicted to increase dramatically over future decades.  

The Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park

Home | Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park

Developments in the park are already bringing new jobs to the area and it is estimated that up to 40,000 jobs could be available on and around the park by 2025.  These include construction jobs during the building phase; high tech jobs based at Here East; public sector and charity jobs at TfL, UNICEF and the Financial Conduct Authority in the new International Quarter. 

The new East Bank will house the V&A/Smithsonian Institution, Sadler’s Wells, UCL, London College of Fashion, and BBC music studios; providing jobs and study opportunities related to theatre, dance, fashion, music, museums and universities.  Westfield Stratford City and developments in Stratford town centre are increasing local office and retail jobs. 

Tech City/Silicon Roundabout

East London Tech City: What Is It?

The area around Old Street roundabout continues to be where new tech business are launched Google and Amazon also have offices there alongside Zoopla, ASOS, Moo, Spotify,, Mind Candy and more.  

Sectors employing large numbers in London 

The Office for National Statistics website has data on employment, unemployment, wages and qualifications at national, regional, local authority and ward level. The latest figures for employment by industry sector (based on June 2021 data):


London %

UK %

Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing









Wholesale, Retail & Vehicle Repair



Transport & Storage



Hospitality & Catering



IT & Communications






Real Estate



Professional, Scientific & Technical






Public Administration & Defence






Health & Social Work



Arts, Entertainment & Recreation



Other Services




Changing ways of working

The way most young people work as they develop their careers, is likely to vary from that of their parents. Below are just a few examples:


Portfolio careers

A portfolio career is one with multiple part-time jobs with different employers, that when combined are the equivalent of a full-time position. This can work well if you are trying to move into competitive freelance work, establish your own business, or just pursue a passion.  New technologies such as apps can help manage contracts and finances.

Freelance working

Jobs that employ freelancers are increasing, particularly in the creative sector which includes film, TV, music and dance.  Changes in technology are also leading to more freelance work in areas such as journalism, coding and data analysis. Young people interested in careers in these sectors need to make themselves aware of how to manage a freelance career.  Apps can now help with managing finances and tax and even allow you to find and apply for jobs.  Networking, resilience and an ability to ‘sell yourself’ are very useful skills for a freelancer.  This site give examples of the huge range of freelance careers.


Advances such as Artificial Intelligence (where intelligent machines work and act like humans), Virtual Reality (where the user can interactive with a computer-generated environment) and Blockchain (where information, can be securely and quickly transferred via the internet) are changing the nature of jobs in many sectors.

As well as the rise online shopping the retail industry is also using new technology to improve the in store experience.  For example in 2015 Westfield, Stratford used interactive video walls showing the latest fashion trends; gave customers a chance to visit a colourful dreamscape using Oculus Rift virtual reality goggles and use Edit Me, a giant touchscreen, to find outfits in Westfield's retailers.

Repetitive jobs in the legal and finance sectors are already being affected by automisation. People with skills difficult for computers to carry out, such as creativity, empathy and an ability to work in teams or with partners are less likely to find their jobs replaced by technology. 

Lifelong careers

While some traditional employment sectors, such as education, the nursing/care sector and construction, will continue to expand, changes in technology and its impact on working methods mean that new jobs and sectors are emerging.  A young person who starts a job on leaving school or university is expected to have many different jobs and several careers before they retire.  So improving self-awareness of your skills and interests is vital to allow you to take up new opportunities as they emerge.    

It is impossible to know exactly what jobs will exist in the future but some people have had fun trying to predict some: