Students continue to practise instrumental skills learned in previous years and to extend their vocal repertoire. Students also continue to learn to read and play music from standard musical notation and develop their keyboard skills. Students are encouraged to learn how to create their own compositions using chord sequences. Students use Garageband to create computer compositions based on sampled loops and they continue to develop their skills in composing with classroom instruments. Students’ appraisal skills become more refined as they learn how to define the elements of music and differentiate between different types of music.